Selecting the right type of fish for the aquarium tank is a daunting task. There are two types of ornamental fish – salt water and fresh water. The set-up for a marine or salt water aquarium is more expensive than a fresh water one.

An aquarium is a water-filled enclosure that acts as an artificial habitat for marine creatures. Almost every interior designer tries to create a house that has a provision for aquarium installation. While aquariums are a growing fashion trend in home decor, the main reason to keep an aquarium is the sheer love of aquatic animals. Decoration is rather a secondary feature. Now coming to the crux of our topic – there are certain important things to consider before buying a fish tank. After all, aquarium is a one-time buy!

Buying an aquarium is not like buying a packet of bread. An aquarium is accompanied with filters, tanks, lights, etc, and their cost varies accordingly. A highly durable or large sized aquarium will always cost more. Big tanks are supported with big filters and other large capacity items that are again costly. All these equipments could be bought as a whole or separately.

Choosing the Fish

Selecting the right type of fish for the aquarium tank is a daunting task. There are two types of ornamental fish – salt water and fresh water. The set-up for a marine or salt water aquarium is more expensive than a fresh water one. Also, marine fish are more colourful and require more care than fresh water fish. For beginners, it is recommended to install a fresh water aquarium as it requires less attention. One must purchase the set that looks attractive without burning a hole in your pocket.

Creating Space for Aquarium

One thing that needs to be evaluated before buying any furniture type is its placement. The same thumb rule is also applicable to the aquarium. The area of placing the aquarium majorly deals with the size of the tank. People with big houses prefer large fish tanks. One has to ensure the emplacement area is balanced with the right support surface, and not in danger of being bumped into or knocked over. Also heater vents, windows, and doors must be avoided, as they felicitate temperature fluctuation that is harmful for your fish. Windows and doors allow sunlight exposure that increases the chances for fish illness. Excess light builds up algae, which may destroy aquariums.

Selecting the Filter

Filters are the second most important thing after the tank, in an aquarium installation. The work of a filter is continuous cleaning of the water. Impurities such as fish excrement, uneaten food, dissolved impurities, chemical imbalances – all are treated with a small box in water. To select a filter is the most important task for a buyer. Essentially, aquarium filters work in three different ways:

Biological Filters: Biological filters use the nitrogen cycle present in an aquarium. These filters give larger areas for the bacteria to colonise, pass water from the colonies and make sure nothing disturbs them.

Mechanical Filters: Mechanical filters work to eliminate the physical impurities. These are the visible ones that include fish excrement, uneaten food and other waters. The impure water enters the filter for cleaning and then is channelled again in the tank.

Chemical Filters: Chemical filters are capable of removing the dissolved impurities that mechanical filters cannot. The filter creates chemical bonds with the impurities and holds on till they are not removed.

The choice of filters is also affected by the species you are interested in. Aquarium markets are chocked with numerous kinds of filters like canister filter, power filters, wet/dry filters etc.

Maintaining appropriate Light and Temperature

Lights are an essential factor for marine animals, especially in aquariums where fish are supported with live plants. Lighting equipment in an aquarium comes with the right spectrum of light. Hence, no additional light is needed in this case. Any additional light will just lead to fish illness. Also, before buying an aquarium, the light that is right for fish health, must be chosen.

Temperature is another issue affecting fish of all species. It is necessary to create a constant temperature right from the beginning. Frequent fluctuations result in fish illness. Most fish need a temperature between 75 and 80°F. Aquariums with multiple species of fish regulate their temperate between 76-77°F.

To maintain a durable aquarium with healthy sea life, it is important to follow the above conditions. Aquariums add a flavour of the sea in our homes and fish add a spark to our life with their colours. It is our duty to keep them healthy and sound!