Sharing your life with a bird is a responsibility and a journey filled with joy, laughter, and companionship. These tiny, intelligent, and playful creatures, with their vibrant plumage, are not just pets but cherished members of many households in India.

The bond you share with your feathered friend is unique and special. However, even the most charming bird can sometimes exhibit behavioural issues, which can be a source of frustration for both you and your feathered friend.

The good news is that the right approach can effectively manage many of these behavioural issues. This blog will delve into the most common bird behaviour problems faced by Indian bird owners and provide practical, proven methods to enhance the interaction between birds and their owners. These solutions have been tried and tested, and they work. So, you can approach these issues with a sense of hope and confidence.

Common Bird Behavior Problems

  • Screaming: This issue is widespread, especially with intelligent birds like parrots. Indian Ringnecks and Mynahs, popular in India, are known for their vocalisations. While some screaming is natural, excessive screaming can indicate boredom, loneliness, or a desire for attention.
  • Biting: Birds use biting as a communication tool. It can express fear, dominance, or frustration. While some biting might be playful nips, more substantial bites can be painful.
  • Feather Picking: This destructive behaviour can signify stress, boredom, or underlying medical issues.
  • Aggression: Territorial aggression is a common issue, especially during the breeding season, and can lead to lunging, biting, and screeching. Understanding your bird’s territorial boundaries and providing them with enough space and resources to manage this is important.
  • Chewing: While chewing is natural for birds to preen their beaks and explore their environment, excessive chewing can damage furniture and belongings.
  • Destructive Behavior: This can manifest in various ways, like shredding cage liners, throwing food, or knocking over toys. To address these behaviours, you can provide more stimulating toys, increase out-of-cage time, or introduce foraging activities to mentally engage your bird.

Understanding the Cause

Understanding the root cause of bird behaviour problems is the first step towards finding effective solutions. It’s crucial to approach bird training with patience and empathy. Here are some key factors to consider, such as the bird’s natural behaviour, environment, and health.

  • Environment: The environment plays a significant role in a bird’s behaviour. Is the cage spacious and well-equipped with toys and perches? Is it located in a calm area with adequate natural light? These factors can significantly influence your bird’s behaviour.
  • Diet: Are you providing a balanced diet with fresh fruits, vegetables, and species-specific pellets?
  • Interaction: Does your bird receive enough attention and out-of-cage time?
  • Stress: Have any recent changes in the household caused, such as new pets or loud noises?
  • Medical Conditions: Sometimes, bird behaviour problems can indicate health issues. Consult an avian veterinarian to rule out any underlying problems.

Solutions for Bird Behavior Problems

Address the Environment

  • Cage Size: Ensure the cage is large enough for your bird to spread its wings comfortably. Provide climbing structures, perches at different heights, and various safe toys to keep them occupied. Rotate toys regularly to prevent boredom.
  • Location: Place the cage in a well-lit area with minimal noise and away from direct sunlight. Avoid placing it near windows or doors where sudden drafts or loud noises can startle your bird.

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Provide a Healthy Diet

A balanced diet is essential for both physical and mental well-being. Offer a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables alongside commercially prepared pellets formulated for your bird’s species. Consult an avian veterinarian for specific dietary recommendations.

Increase Interaction

Schedule dedicated playtime outside the cage every day. Training birds through positive reinforcement techniques like clicker training can strengthen your bond and provide mental stimulation.

  • Clicker Training: This method uses a clicker to mark desired behaviours followed by a reward (treat or praise). This form of positive reinforcement rewards your bird for exhibiting the desired behaviour. Gradually increase the complexity of the behaviours as your bird learns.
  • Target Training: Teach your bird to touch a specific target (like a stick) with its beak. This can help move your bird in and out of the cage or redirect unwanted behaviours.

Manage stress

Identify and address potential stressors in your bird’s environment. If there are unavoidable changes, introduce them gradually and provide ample reassurance.

  • Cover the Cage: Covering the cage during particularly stressful times, like thunderstorms or fireworks, can create a sense of security for your bird.
  • Calming Music: Play calming music like classical or natural sounds to create a peaceful atmosphere.

Address Feather Picking

Feather picking can be a complex issue. Consult an avian veterinarian to rule out any medical causes. Here are some additional tips:

  • Enrichment: Provide a variety of foraging toys and activities to keep your bird mentally stimulated.
  • Lighting: Ensure the cage has adequate daylight hours. Some avian vets recommend using UV light bulbs to mimic natural sunlight but consult a professional before introducing one.

Redirect Chewing and Destructive Behavior

Offer plenty of safe chewing toys from wood, shreddable materials, or other bird-safe options. Rotate these toys regularly to maintain interest. Discourage chewing on inappropriate objects by immediately removing them and offering a suitable alternative.

  • Supervise Out-of-Cage Time: When your bird is out of the cage, ensure there are no tempting objects to chew on. Supervise playtime and redirect them to appropriate chewing toys if they nibble on something they shouldn’t.

Be Patient and Consistent

Remember, addressing bird behaviour problems takes time and consistency. It’s a journey, not a quick fix. Don’t get discouraged if you don’t see immediate results. Training birds is a process that requires patience and positive reinforcement. You can make a positive change in your bird’s behaviour, and with these solutions, you’re on the right track.

  • Positive Reinforcement: Reward desired behaviours with treats, praise, or head scratches. Never punish your bird for unwanted behaviours, which can worsen the problem.
  • Ignore Unwanted Behaviors: While it might be tempting to yell or swat at your bird during an outburst, ignore unwanted behaviours like screaming or biting. This will not provide the attention your bird seeks and may even encourage the behaviour.

Seek Professional Help

If you’ve tried these solutions and your bird’s behaviour problems persist, seeking professional help is important. An avian veterinarian, a specialised veterinarian who treats birds, can provide personalised advice and address any underlying medical conditions, ensuring your bird’s health and safety.


Understanding the root cause of your bird’s behaviour and implementing the above solutions can create a happy and harmonious relationship with your feathered companion. Patience, positive reinforcement, and a commitment to your bird’s well-being are vital to addressing bird behaviour problems and building a solid bond.

Living with a bird can be a rewarding experience filled with joy, laughter, and companionship. You can ensure your bird thrives and flourishes in your home by providing a stimulating environment, a healthy diet, and ample interaction.

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