By Dr. Irfan Ahmed*


Cats have long held a special place in human society, enchanting us with their mysterious behaviours and graceful movements. To truly connect with our feline friends, it’s essential to delve into the intricate world of cat behaviour and body language. This article explores recent studies on cat behaviours and body language and sheds light on how cats understand us.

Understanding Cat Behaviour 

Tail Talk: A cat’s tail is a key indicator of its mood. When a cat’s tail is upright with a slight curve at the end, it’s likely feeling content and friendly. Conversely, a puffed-up tail signifies fear or aggression. 

Ear Expressions: Paying attention to a cat’s ears can reveal a lot. Ears forward mean curiosity, while flattened ears signal anger or fear. Slightly twitching ears indicate a cat is focused on something. 

Purring: Contrary to popular belief, cats don’t only purr when they’re happy. They may also purr when in pain, anxious, or seeking comfort. Understanding the context is crucial. 

Kneading: Cats often knead their paws on soft surfaces, a behaviour inherited from kittenhood when they kneaded their mother’s belly to stimulate milk flow. It’s a sign of comfort and relaxation. 

Hiding: Cats may hide when they’re unwell or stressed. Providing a safe space for them is essential to address their needs. 

Grooming: Excessive grooming can indicate anxiety or discomfort. It’s essential to rule out underlying health issues.

How Cats Understand Us? 

The tone of Voice: Cats can pick up on the tone of our voice, and they often associate specific tones with certain actions. A soothing voice can help calm an anxious cat, while a playful tone can signal fun. 

Body Language: Just as we decode their body language, cats also pay attention to ours. Slow blinks, which mimic a cat’s sign of trust, can help build a bond. 

Consistency: Cats thrive on routines. Consistency in feeding times and play sessions helps them understand and anticipate our actions. 

Scent: Cats have a highly developed sense of smell. They can identify us by our scent, so maintaining good personal hygiene is essential for positive interactions. 

Respect Boundaries: Cats appreciate personal space. Recognize when your cat wants to be left alone and respect their boundaries.


Cats are enigmatic creatures, and their behaviours and body language offer valuable insights into their emotions and needs. By learning to decipher their subtle cues and by communicating with them in a way they understand, we can build stronger bonds and create enriching relationships with our feline companions. Understanding the reciprocal nature of our relationship with cats is the key to a harmonious and fulfilling partnership.

How do cats understand humans? 

 Cats understand humans through a combination of observation, social learning, and their natural instincts. Here’s a brief explanation: 

 Observation: Cats are highly observant animals. They pay close attention to human body language, facial expressions, and tone of voice. They can often gauge a person’s mood and intentions by these cues. For example, a cat may approach a person who is calm and gentle but may be wary of someone displaying aggressive or erratic behaviour. 

 Social Learning: Cats can learn from their interactions with humans. They recognize patterns in behaviour and consequences. For instance, if a cat meows and a human responds by feeding it, the cat learns that meowing gets results. This form of associative learning helps cats communicate their needs and desires to humans. 

 Bonding: Cats can form strong bonds with their human caregivers. This bond is often built on trust and positive experiences. Cats may seek affection, comfort, and protection from their human companions, much like they would with other cats in their social group. 

 Instinctual Understanding: For example, cats may knead their paws on a person’s lap, a behaviour reminiscent of kneading their mother’s belly as kittens. This behaviour signifies comfort and contentment. 

Vocalizations and Body Language: Cats communicate with humans through vocalizations such as meowing, purring, hissing, and growling. They also use their body language, such as tail position, ear orientation, and whisker movements, to convey their feelings and intentions. 

Individual Variation: It’s important to note that not all cats are the same, and their ability to understand and interact with humans can vary widely based on their personality and past experiences. 

In summary, cats have a complex and nuanced way of understanding and interacting with humans. While they may not comprehend human language as we do, they are skilled at interpreting our non-verbal cues and responding to their own instincts and learned behaviours to navigate their relationships with us.

Dr. Irfan Ahmed

Mallikas cattery


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