How to Breed Guppy Fish?

Lifespan, Size, Diet & More

The guppy fish is a small fish that can grow about three inches long. It makes an excellent aquarium pet because it is effortless to care for, does not require much space or maintenance, and is friendly with other fish. The term ‘guppy’ refers to the Poecilia reticulate species. The original name was ‘million fish,’ but eventually, the word ‘guppy’ stuck because of its catchy sound.

The fish got its name from an Englishman named Nathan Guppy, who bred the first pair in London around 1849. He kept them as a hobby, and soon after his death, people all over England were keeping guppies.

Guppies are members of the livebearer family, a massive family of fish with many different species. Even though some may require brackish or saltwater conditions, livebearers are generally hardy and easy to care for. The males in this breed have long anal fins that can grow as long as the fish are tall. There are several different varieties of guppies, with each sort displaying a slightly different colour or stripe pattern on its body. The most common types include blue, black, albino, and red. Some of the rarer varieties have been known to fetch quite a large amount of money at various fish auctions.

Guppies are omnivores, meaning they eat both plant-based and animal-based foods. Their diet consists of commercial tropical fish food made for omnivorous tropical fish. The guppy fish reproduces through live birth (ovoviviparity) and can produce throughout the year in optimal water conditions, with adequate food supply. The female will release her eggs into the male’s territory, fertilizing them, which then hatch into a fry.  When they become free-swimming fry, their mother will take care of them until they are old enough to survive on their own.

The guppy fish requires an aquarium of at least 20 gallons in size and can live for up to four years if adequately cared for. It is a trendy choice for aquarists because it is easy to care for, friendly with other types of tropical fish, and entertaining to watch because of its dynamic, outgoing behaviour. Their average life expectancy is about two to three years. Guppies can live in almost any water condition but prefer to live in tropical waters around 78°F (25°C). They are native to South America and Mexico but are now found worldwide in pet stores and aquariums.

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