By Sakshi Makkar*
What was the most unforgettable memory you have ever had of your pet? Did it happen during the days that your pet was just a tiny puppy that would bite you as a tiny shark? Perhaps, it was when they destroyed your furniture and shoes? Do you remember the days when your dog would follow you everywhere you went? We have a lot of beautiful memories of our dog’s early years as a puppy with bright eyes, ready to run in a flury and run from one couch to the another and explore the world! The benefits of having the best times of your dog’s lifetime however, there were times that felt heartbreaking sad the days the puppy you love was sick. In this blog, we will look into a subject that is well-known to everyone as a potentially dangerous condition: parvo virus infection. What is the process by which a puppy gets this condition? What is the exact process? How do I get it to manifest? What can I do to protect my child from this? Let us jump right into the topic of today.
The last thing that any dog owner who is a new puppy breeder needs to hear is the diagnosis of parvo. It is often a recurring disease with fatal effects, which is the reason it is vital for those who deal with puppies regularly to know symptoms of parvo as well as what to do to prevent it.
WHAT IS PARVO?
Parvo in puppies is brought on through the virus canine. The virus is extremely contagious and can be spread through contact with an infected dog, or through indirect contact with an object that is contaminated. Your puppy is exposed the parvo virus each time he takes a sniff, licks or consumes feces that are infected. Indirect transmission can occur when a person who’s recently had contact with the infected dog rubs it on your dog or is exposed to a potentially contaminated object such as an item such as a water bowl or food dish or leashes and collars as well as the clothing and hands of those who handle dogs that are infected. It is the reason it’s important to apply an anti-parvo product.
WHAT IS PARVO VIRUS?
Canine parvo virus can be a contagious virus that primarily affects dogs. CPV can be transmitted from dog to dog through indirect or direct contact through their excrement
WHY DO PUPPIES GET PARVO?
Six-week-old puppies and children aged six weeks to six months are most susceptible to contracting parvo. Children younger than six weeks have some antibodies their mothers had in the event that the dam was vaccinated with a full range of vaccinations against parvo. Puppy puppies are vaccinated against parvo between 6, 8 and 12 weeks. They are susceptible to contracting the illness until they’ve completed all three shots in their vaccination sequence and owners are required be extra cautious at this point to avoid their puppies from contracting virus. Puppy puppies should receive a dose of the canine parvo virus between the ages of 14-16 weeks old regardless of the number of doses they have received prior to that in order to build up a sufficient protection.
The severity of cases of parvo The severity of parvo cases varies. The strain of weaning can result in an increased risk of parvo in puppies because stress can weaken your immune system. Parvo in combination with another infection or parasite could also result in an even more severe form of parvo in puppies. To top it off, certain breeds of dogs are at an increased risk of parvo:
- Doberman Pinschers
- American Staffordshire Terriers
- English Springer Spaniels
- German Shepherd Dogs
- Labrador Retrievers
HOW LONG ARE PUPPIES WITH PARVO CONTAGIOUS?
Puppy and adult dogs suffering from parvo begin to shed the virus within a few days after exposure. Unfortunately, for responsible owners that this period of time doesn’t always coincide with the first signs of parvo that is why dogs could be infected before owners know they’re sick. The puppies who have parvo remain infected for up to 10 days following an initial recovery, so ensure that any puppies who are recovering from parvo from non-vaccinated or partially vaccine-vaccinated dogs.
In the absence of your pet, parvo virus is able to live in the indoor environment for at least one month, while outdoors it could last for several months, and possibly a whole year if the conditions are right. Utilize a cleaner that is proven to eliminate parvo virus. Discuss with your veterinarian about the best method to eliminate this virus from the house environment , or even your kennels.
SYMPTOMS OF PARVO IN PUPPIESA
puppy who has parvo is very sick. The sooner you recognize the first symptoms of the virus in pups and kittens, the quicker you can take your pet to the vet. Because parvo is a common occurrence in puppies of the beginning stages It is recommended that you call your vet whenever your dog feels unwell. The weather. However, you must know the particular signs that can be seen in puppy parvo.
- Bloody diarrhea
- Vomiting• Fever
- Weight loss
These symptoms are severe on their own and could indicate the presence of parvo or a different serious disease. Contact your vet immediately if you suspect that your puppy is suffering from parvo. Also, make sure you notify the staff at your vet ahead of time about your suspicions and your puppy’s symptoms, so they can follow the proper quarantine measures to stop your puppy from spreading the virus to other dogs.
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OBSERVED?
Most often, puppies in the early stages suffer the most than older dogs. Dogs who are susceptible to contracting the disease begin to show symptoms of the disease within two to 10 days.
Be on the lookout for typical signs
The signs could include:
- Persistent Vomiting
- The temperature of the body may increase up to 103 deg F or 104 degF
- Red-Coffee colored Diarrhea (usually shoot type)Let’s look at the specificways these symptoms and signs show.
Most frequently, the first indicator of CPV is the feeling of lurgy. Are your puppy’s actions more passive and is avoiding the world, are they sleeping more or lying down? You should be watching closely. If you notice it in conjunction with other symptoms, it’s time to get your child to the doctor as soon as possible.
The other indicators you can observe is a sudden loss of weight or a decrease in appetite (anorexia) in which your puppy suddenly begins refusing to consume their chew sticks or meat. Then, you will notice periods of Diarrhea (usually loose stool with a bloody tint) and can be accompanied by frequent vomiting (frothy white, etc.)
Now, the continual Diarrhea and vomiting could result in dehydration and which can result in a fluid imbalance, which eventually leads in electrolyte imbalance and could be detrimental to the dog.
These indicators and signs seriously hamper the immunity of the animal which can lead to secondary infections can occur as due to the weakening of the immune system. Infections caused by bacteria can get worse because of this.
Other events that occur within the body include:
- The loss of protein
Diagnosis can be performed in different ways. The first being
It’s crucial for you to be the pet’s owner to explain all symptoms and signs that you have observed, as well as the duration of these symptoms.
A thorough and accurate medical history allows your vet to diagnose the condition of your pet’s health issues and to take the next step according to the need.
There are several tests for the identification of CPV2 in feces, using or an ELISA Test or a Haemagglutination test.
ELISA is the test that is quick that is most commonly used to identify an Antigen (virus). In recent years, PCR has become available and is the preferred method for diagnosing CPV2 that is a test that can be utilized later in the course of the disease, when there is less risk of virus released into the feces and might not be detected by ELISA.
It is essential to conduct these tests to determine the cause. Diarrhea as well as vomiting can be generalized symptoms seen across a wide range of illnesses.
The Parvo virus infection is sometimes mistaken for corona virus enteritis or other types of enteritis.
Therefore, to be solid and also to verify the importance of highlighting this need for the use of diagnostic tests.
It is usually supportive in nature. The treatment should consist of colloids, crystalloid IV fluids,e.g., Hetastarch, NS, etc. Anti-nausea medicines (antiemetics) like maropitant, metoclopramide, and ondansetron and a few broad-spectrum anti-biotic drugs that treat secondary bacterial infections, such as ampicillin, cefazolin, enroflxacin and metronidazole. Other supportive and protective supplements like Vitamins B complex vitamins Iron supplementation, and so on. These are all available.
HOW TO SAVE MY FURRY PAW FROM THIS?
- Makes sure your puppy is safe
- DIAFINE for PETS
DIAFINE FOR PETS
Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine
DIAFINE for pets is a unique Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine, that proved to be effective in treating different types of Diarrhea in dogs & cats. Diarrhea of any underlying cause like bacterial, viral, or verminous can be treated by DIAFINE. Even bloody Diarrhea in PARVO viral infection can be improved.
This unique formulation was brought up by the leading Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine producing company Goel Vet Pharma Pvt Ltd.
The company is certified under WHO GMP practices which highlight its hygienic manufacturing facilities. All the available formulations had undergone many clinical and field trials, thus gaining trust among many veterinarians and pet parents.
Canine Parvo Virus Infection is a dangerous one but is easily preventable by taking the appropriate measures against the same. We can easily prevent this virus by vaccinating our pets routinely and properly as guided by our Doctors, as well as taking appropriate safety measures on our part. It’s very important to provide your Vet with proper history. This disease can manifest itself from a mild form to a severe form, sometimes leading to death. Thus any signs and symptoms observed in your furry friend should not be taken lightly. Contact your Vet in any emergencies and take the right steps as a vigilant pet parent! Let’s make Parvo Problem a story of the past. Spread awareness about the same, vaccinate your puppies and dogs!