Written by Dr. Sakshi Sharma

Case Study:

A 7-year-old castrated male indie dog was reported by his owner to have a 2-months history of pollakiuria and polydipsia (PU/PD) and a 1-month history of intermittent hematuria. Abdominal ultrasonography from the referring veterinarian showed several small calculi and a probable mass in the urinary bladder.

When brought to Goel Vet Pharma helpline it was prescribed a course of Cystigo for a course of 1.5 months, after which the owner noticed an improvement in activity level and the frequency of urination was brought back to 3-5 times a day with no evidence of heamturia after 23 days of treatment. However, the owner did not go for another ultrasonograph after observing reduction in the symptoms like pollakuria and complete absence of hematuria. Case Study:

A 7-year-old castrated male indie dog was reported by his owner to have a 2-months history of pollakiuria and polydipsia (PU/PD) and a 1-month history of intermittent hematuria. Abdominal ultrasonography from the referring veterinarian showed several small calculi and a probable mass in the urinary bladder.

HEMATURIA:

Hematuria is the presence of blood in a pet’s urine. The two types of hematuria are. gross hematuria—when we can see the blood in pet’s urine. microscopic hematuria—when we cannot see the blood in pet’s urine, yet it is seen under a microscope.

If notice blood in your pet’s urine, it can be both alarming and very worrisome for any pet owner. For many pets, blood in the urine (hematuria) could be caused by a urinary tract infection, or in male pets, a benign prostate problem. Typically when there is blood in your pet’s urine, this is due to inflammation or infection in the urinary tract which could include the upper or lower urinary tract.

Causes Of Blood In Dog Urine

There are many reasons why there may be blood in a pet’s urine, including:

Upper Urinary Tract Causes

Sometimes, hematuria can result from urinary tract issues. Sometimes blood in the urine originates in the upper urinary tract that contains the kidneys.

Some causes for bleeding in the upper urinary tract in pets include:

Kidney Infection

If your pet is urinating blood, one or both of your pet’s kidneys could be infected.

Kidney Stones

While uncommon, kidney stones can affect one or both kidneys resulting in the presence of blood in the urine.

Idiopathic Renal Hematuria

The term “idiopathic” means unknown, so this condition describes an unknown cause for blood in pet urine originating in the kidneys.

Causes could be due to medications, a kidney infection, or immune system issues.

Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer in pets is rare, but it does happen, and can be a cause for there being blood in your pet’s urine. This cancer is a type of cancer that can either be in the kidneys or spread to other parts of the body.

Renal Telangiectasia

The term “telangiectasia” refers to a condition where multiple small blood vessels are dilated in the kidneys.

Certain breeds, such as Welsh corgis, have a genetic predisposition to this issue, which can lead to blood in the urine.

Lower Urinary Tract Causes

The lower urinary tract includes the bladder and the urethra (the tube that connects the bladder) and allows urine to exit the body.

Causes for blood in the lower UT in pets include the following:

Bladder Stones

Bladder stones are crystals that form in the bladder and can cause inflammation, bleeding, and potential urethral blockages. These “stones” form for a variety of reasons, including diet, genetics, or chronic infections.

Bladder Infection

A lower urinary tract infection (UTI) is by far the most common cause of blood in pet’s urine. It can be caused by several things, ranging from skin allergies, urethra anatomy of and hormone-related incontinence in spayed females

Bladder Cancer

The symptoms of bladder cancer in pets are similar to UTIs and can cause accidents in the house, blood in the urine, or difficulty urinating.

Prostate Problems

Intact male pets tend to have a higher incidence of prostate problems, and prostate enlargement or infections can cause blood in the urine.

Other Causes

In addition to the cases above, there are some other reasons that could explain why there’s blood in a pet’s urine:

  • Infectious disease (such as bacterial, viral, or disease)
  • Idiopathic causes (unknown)
  • Trauma
  • Chemotherapy can cause hematuria
  • Coagulopathy(this is a condition in which the blood’s ability to clot is impaired, and can cause prolonged or excessive bleeding)
  • A low number of platelets or thrombocytes in the blood (a condition known as thrombocytopenia)
  • Inflammatory disease or vasculitis

How Can I Prevent My Dog From Having Blood In His Urine?

Taking your pet for regular veterinary checkups is the best way to keep your best friend healthy and happy, and to prevent urinary problems. Your veterinarian can tell you if your pet is predisposed to urinary issues, and if so, can test your pet’s urine regularly to make sure your fur-baby is in good health.

It’s also a good idea to monitor your pet’s urinary habits at home, such as observing urination behaviours and habits. If you notice that your pet is urinating more frequently, having difficulty urinating, or “spotting” frequently, contact your veterinarian. These behaviours can be signs of one or more of the medical conditions listed above.

How Is Blood In My Pet’s Urine Treated?

Treatment depends on the specific cause of the blood, and your veterinarian may prescribe antibiotics if the issue is a UTI, but in cases where there are other issues, such as bladder cancer or bladder stones, surgery may be recommended.

Hematuria may be caused by a metabolic condition, such as excessive production of steroids by the adrenal glands, or by diabetes. Intact dogs who have a history of hematuria may have an enlarged prostate, in which case the veterinarian may recommend neuter.

Most veterinarians prescribe anti-inflammatory or pain medicine to ease your pets’ discomfort, and may also recommend a change in diet if your pet has urine crystals or bladder stones. Nutrition is a very important approach to managing urinary tract issues in pets, and certain prescription foods can reduce the stone formation and optimize urine pH.

CYSTIGO for Pets

Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine

 CYSTIGO for pets is the best remedy in treating symptoms of painful urination (dysuria), frequent urination (polyuria), straining urination (stranguria), excessive thirst (polydipsia), blood in the urine(haematuria). It is also very effective in cases of renal calculi and urinary tract infections in pets.

Key Benefits of Homeopathic Pet Medicines:

  • Over the Counter (OTC) homeopathic medicine that works naturally
  • No side effects, no drug interactions, no contraindications
  • Can be safely used along with other medications
  • Drops work instantly when given onto the tongue

 Signs of red, hot, painful, tenesmus and burning urethra, blood mixed urine, anxiety which is followed by urination, retention of urine while the animal screams and behaves restless, licking of genitals, increased sensitivity of the renal region, profuse urination, increased urge to urinate with severe pain at the end of completing urination, dribbling urine, sharp and burning feeling in the urethra while urinating, incontinence in old dogs followed by involuntary defecation can be better improved with this drug. Signs of retention of urine and dysuria during and after pregnancy, the presence of mucus in the urine, albuminuria, proteinuria, involuntary urination, etc., can be treated with this homeopathic medicine.

Collars and Harnesses: Using Them the Right Way

By Unnati Hunjan*Walks are an essential part for the well-being of our dogs. But it can get difficult without the right equipment and training. Choosing between a harness and a collar, especially one that’s ideal for your dog, can get tricky! The choice largely...

Ticks And Fleas

Pests That Feed on Your Pets By Dr. Bhanu Dev Sharma*Your pet’s soft and warm fur provides the perfect environment for fleas and ticks. These insects feed on your pet’s blood and can cause health problems ranging from allergic reactions to serious tick-borne...

Prevention Is Better Than Cure

Preventive care to keep dogs safe from ticks and fleas By Dr. Smruti Smita Mohapatra*Ticks are ectoparasites that are part of the mite super order Parasitiformes. Because of their blood-ingesting diets, ticks act as vectors of many serious diseases that affect health...